Or: Probably the Only Time You’ll See Hayao Miyazaki Compared to Frank Miller
Spring season is finally bringing us a new installment of Lupin III, dear readers. As much as I adore The Woman Called Fujiko Mine (and I do, emphatically), it was quite the departure for the series’ established MO – a contained, stylish thought experiment and deliberate period piece rather than a fast-and-loose adventure story with a consistent core cast. Meanwhile, the new “Blue Jacket” (premiere date undetermined at time of writing outside of the general spring 2015 timeline) seems set not only on returning to the adventure of the week formula but in finally updating the thief to the modern day – and I’ll be particularly interested in seeing how deep that goes. Annual Lupin specials might have had modern tech interludes (who can forget the oddity of Goemon using an iPhone), but the character writing has never really felt like it left the 70s.
In fact, while I’ll fight for the highest caliber entries of the franchise’s status as timeless classics, it can be really tough to sell a modern anime fan on getting into Lupin. Part of that’s the age (particularly in the art style), but beyond that I hear over and over again that the amount of content is just overwhelming. We’re talking over 40 years of animation, after all. And it’s not always evident from the outside how loose the continuity between series is – not to mention the many, many different tones and takes over the years, meaning there can be different “best starting places” for everyone. But I think I’ve finally got a way to explain it to people: Lupin III is like Batman.
Not the go-to comparison (that’s usually, off the cuff, “James Bond meets Bugs Bunny”), but it works. Trust me, I can prove it.
Lupin III (the Manga)
Equivalent: Detective Comics (aka Bob Kane Batman aka The Golden Age)
Why: The earliest going seeds of the franchise, establishes the characters and central premise that other adaptations will spend their years responding to. The earliest installments are downright weird/uncomfortable as far as incorporating things that would make no sense to a more modern understanding of the characters (i.e. Lupin the rapist, Batman using guns)
For: Completionists, fans of surreal humor willing to totally forgo inter-narrative consistency (at least in the very first manga run)
Lupin III Part I (Green Jacket)
Equivalent: Batman (1989)
Why: Hugely influential and new in their fields at time of release (Green Jacket was one of the earliest attempts at adult oriented anime, while Burton’s Batman was unprecedented in how Dark and Gritty it was compared to comic book hero films past). Looks a little cheesy with the passage of time and more recent franchise entries, but retains rock-solid watchability. Both are also developmental playgrounds for some very influential directors (Hayao Miyazaki and Tim Burton)
For: An excellent entry point for beginners who don’t mind the tonal oddities caused by the show swapping directors partway through or the time capsule animation, animation history buffs
Strange Psychokinetic Strategy
Equivalent: Batman the Movie (1966)
Why: Served as an accessible entrance point where its predecessor wasn’t available, allowed the franchise to continue during an uncertain point. BtM was fairly widely available on home video while the actual Adam West Batman was rather difficult to get hold of (and was therefore a reference point for those who hadn’t seen Adam West’s series on TV); while Green Jacket had a small amount of success and retains a cult following, the live action Psychokinetic Strategy rekindled enough interest in Lupin as a franchise to help push forward the creation of Red Jacket
For: Dedicated franchise fans, those with interest in farce/slapstick (more than Green Jacket perhaps, it successfully captures the manga’s best physical comedy)
New Lupin III/Lupin III Part II (Red Jacket)
Equivalent: Batman the Animated Series
Why: The franchise series that helped shape an entire generation, as well as cementing several character performances and interpretations. Ran long enough that not every episode is a winner, but the ones that are good stand out as some of the best across the entire franchise. In Lupin’s case, this became the visual and tonal touchstone of what a franchise reference looks like (true to a lesser extent with BtAS, at least among other cartoons)
For: Casually familiar fans, beginners with a guide as to the most recommended episodes (because what’s good is mindblowing, and too much mediocre can burn you out on the series real fast)
The Secret of Mamo
Equivalent: The Killing Joke
Why: Well respected and known, if slightly in the shadow of The Best Known individual work in their medium (see the next entry). Introduces an iconic (if not the only) take on the franchise’s most frequently recurring villain, is occasionally the object of debate as to whether it’s secretly better than The Best Known work
For: Fans with some series Lupin (Red or Green) under their belt, fans of surreal cold war movies with arbitrary (but cool) sci fi elements
The Castle of Cagliostro
Equivalent: The Dark Knight Returns
Why: Two juggernauts in their respective mediums create a take on an established franchise that sees ripple effects on other high-ranking creative types for years to come (DKR has a huge part of starting the Dark Age of comics, Cagliostro was beloved by such Hollywood juggernauts as Steven Spielberg and played a huge part in influencing The Great Mouse Detective, might be the frequently referenced single piece of Lupin media). The work’s enriched by having a deeper knowledge of the franchise, but can be enjoyed with little more than the barest bones understanding of the characters at play
For: Enjoyers of Hayao Miyazaki, film, the emotion known as joy
Lupin III Part III (Pink Jacket)
Equivalent: Batman (1960s)
Why: Almost always the butt of the easy joke and brushed off by casual franchise fans who overlook the series’ charms sight unseen (be it Adam West’s winking comedic performance or Pink Jacket’s see-it-to-believe-it absurdity, oscillating fantastic and atrocious animation, and unfettered sense of anything goes fun). Well deserving of championing after years of abuse, and only very recently available for legal acquisition in America (60s Batman might have a full boxed set now, but Pink Jacket’s still waiting to get that last third on Hulu)
For: Fans who’ve sampled a few different series, movies, or specials and want to see something new (noooooot a good place for entirely fresh beginners)
The Fuma Conspiracy/Plot of the Fuma Clan
Equivalent: Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker
Why: Something of a bizarre footnote in the respective franchise histories, beloved by those who’re familiar with it. Severe editorial issues haunted it around the time of its release, preventing that well deserved fame (RotJ was censored by the WB, FC saw TMS kicking the established voice cast and composer to the curb and thus facing crippling boycotts); additionally focused on new/lesser known characters within the franchise (Batman successor Terry, Goemon and his adorable beyond words fiancée), thus further cementing its status as an odd duck/fresh experience. Obviously influenced by another famous work in the canon (Batman Animated and Cagliostro respectively)
For: All fans new and old, particularly those who enjoyed Cagliostro
The Woman Called Fujiko Mine
Why: Originally intended to mark a major event in the franchise’s history, only to decide it was more interested in exploring the stories of the characters around the titular franchise head. Told a well crafted story that stands apart from the other franchise entries, got in some trouble for not addressing the itch it was originally marketed to scratch (also leading to a fair number of unfair brushoffs). Easily the best justice that some of the franchise secondary characters have ever seen (looking at you, Fujiko and Renee Montoya). One only hopes that Lupin’s “return to form” will not mirror DC’s – the Lupin fandom has suffered enough over the years without having its own version of Countdown.
For: Firmly only for adult fans due to subject matter, but appealing for those looking for a smart meta/feminist narrative with dark humor and a gorgeous noir aesthetic
I considered including the specials, but then figured we’d be here all day looking at secondary entries into the canon – and this is a pretty full plate of potential places to start as it is. Enjoy, dear readers. You don’t know what you’re missing (except for the 1995 film Dead or Alive – its equivalent is Dark Knight Strikes Again. In that they are both the worst masquerading over a minimally involved famous name. At least Monkey Punch was putting in effort to the scenes he actually worked on).
Thoughts on the Oguri Shun Lupin movie?
I’ve actually not gotten round to it yet. The reviews have been definitely less than stellar, but I like Oguri Shun as far as I’ve seen him, and I’m well used to ratcheting down my expectations as far as latter day Lupin productions (dumb goofy action sequences and weird-heartwarming Lupin family dynamics are really all I ask). Plus, I sat through Dead or Alive. EVERYTHING is better after that.
About the comparison between Batman and Lupin III, I came to the same conclusion some years ago, but admittedly, I lack the eloquence to expose this comparison as much as you do. ^^ But it is quite funny to think that Monkey Punch, Lupin’s original creator, said that his wish was to see Lupin become an immortal character, like Batman and other super-heroes of the american mythology. And the best way to be immortal for a character is to be able to adapt for any scenario and tone. And Lupin III, depsite some lesser works, managed to do just that. Thank you for this article that puts words in my thought. 🙂
Glad I could help. And now I’m thinking of it, I can’t BELIEVE I forgot to include a screenshot of that fake-magazine spread of Lupin hanging out with the Super Friends (from Mamo, I believe?). Ah, well.
One Lupin movie has still never had an American release, the 85 something about Babylon.
Would this make the original Lupin The Bat or The Shadow?
Ah, Gold of Babylon. I’d like to see that one come stateside (but seriously, I’d settle for the whole of Pank). Let’s say the Shadow (though I’m tempted to make a snide comment about how much Kane basically stole the credit from his fellow writers and artists of the time – I’m not sure if that maps more to Monkey Punch merrily writing publicized fanfic or the LeBlanc estate’s proprietary dickery in the last decades of the 20th century).
Most of the Lupin projects I’ve seen are the TV specials which I can occasionally find on Youtube. I suppose they as a group could be compared to the DC Animated movies line that started in 07. The mast majority of which feature Batman much to the chagrin of fans of other DC characters.
Gold of Babylon not being available in America could make it comparable to those lost Philippines Batman movies, the most notorious of which is Batman Fights Dracula.
Lupin was among the inspirations for The Shadow. I’ve become a huge Nerd of obscure French Pulp Fiction.
I’ll come totally clean here and admit that my only exposure to Lupin to date has been The Castle of Cagliostro and The Woman Called Fujiko Mine – and then only mostly because of Miyazaki and Yamamoto respectively, though I did thoroughly enjoy both for their own merits. In part because of that, and also in part because of the influence your own enthusiasm for the franchise has had on me, I’m pretty excited for the upcoming TV series.
I would HIGHLY recommend Fuma Conspiracy to you, but the rest, eh, I get it. I’ve personally settled on just a low level terror for Blue Jacket – that way if it’s terrible the pain hurts just a little less (it’ll be the first Lupin I see as it airs, after all – I missed FM by a few months).
I have to disagree with comparing Woman Called Fujiko Mine to 52.
52 is a DC event not Batman. And I for one hated the idea of making Renee The Question, it speaks out how out of control the shared Universe idea had become in the Comics. Renee was a great character as a Lesbian Cop, she didn’t need to become a Superhero.
WcFM I would compare to the Burton Batman movies, they too worked because they drew on the Golden Age. Green Jacket is more like Batman Forever, which I love.
I picked 52 over the Nolanverse for a couple reasons, predominantly because while it shares the tonal change it didn’t overwhelmingly change the landscape of how Lupin is portrayed in the way Nolan did for Batman, nor is it now the most prominent modern conception of Lupin. And because there was still plenty of Lupin available around the time (the annual specials, the manga, the myried pachinko stuff etc) it DID feel more like a “let’s try something new” event like 52 did. Like 52, a lot of the kneejerk pushback (mostly from people who didn’t invest in it) was that it focused on fleshing out unsung characters rather than putting emphasis on the “main” players (and since Batman’s universe IS the DC universe so long as we’re including comics, I’m letting it stretch a bit). And because the editors on high didn’t LIKE 52’s approach and replaced it with the general awfulness that is Countdown, 52 remains a well-reviewed and beloved (by those who read it) side swerve in comics history rather than a must read. The same for FM, which will now promptly be overshadowed by the return to form that is Blue Jacket while remaining a well regarded bit of feminist media by its fans.
And while Renee didn’t “need” to become the Question any more than Rosencrantz and Guildenstern “needed” their own play, it is nonetheless a well written and unique addition to an increasingly mired in sameness canon.
Explained this way, I now agree with your choice of comparison. Truth is I am not too familiar with the 52 event (at first I mistook it with the NEW 52 relaunch) even though I knew Montoya became The Question. Your analysis is really engaging and well develloped. 🙂
Oof, new 52. That was about the time I kinda stopped keeping up with modern monthly comics (I’ve heard there’s some good series – and I do have an ear on the new Secret Six – but I kinda. Eh. Too much trouble).
(and many thanks)
Did 52 bring any any new readers to Comics? I don’t think so.
Woman Called Fujiko Mine was the version version of Lupin for a few people, being the first Lupin Anime series of the streaming era. It was the first Lupin DVD I ever bought.
I’m actually surpised, now that I think about it, that Mine Fujiko To Iu Onna isn’t compared to the Nolan Trilogy. Both are building long running characters from the ground up (working as an origin story), have a darker aesthetic than previous iterations, they reflect some societal fears and international conflicts (post 9.11 for Nolan, Cold War experiments for Mine Fujiko), there is a secret organisation that inflitrated society’s higher classes (League of Shadows and Glaucus Chemicals). And the detractors of both find them overly pretentious, wich is quite sad, at least for Mine Fujiko to Iu Onna.
That could work too. But I do not consider the Nolan films a Trilogy.
That means Part 5 is The Lego Batman Movie, in that it attempts to tie all the continuities together.
And Part 6 is Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker.